(in million €) H2 2016 H2 2017 2016 2017
Total turnover 3,810 3,365 6,886 7,327
Total revenues (excluding metal) 318 311 641 650
Recurring EBITDA 96 85 187 189
Recurring EBIT 63 55 125 128
Total EBIT 59 51 115 121
Recurring EBIT margin 19.9% 17.6% 19.5% 19.7%
R&D expenditure 11 9 23 19
Capital expenditure 43 55 72 80
Capital employed, end of period 498 475 498 475
Capital employed, average 483 489 474 495
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 26.3% 22.3% 26.3% 25.8%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 3,170 3,092 3,170 3,092