(in million €) H2 2017 H2 2018 2017 2018
Total turnover 1 529 1 520 3 091 3 311
Total revenues (excluding metal) 620 652 1 253 1 360
Recurring EBITDA 116 117 224 237
Recurring EBIT 85 82 166 168
Total EBIT 83 81 161 162
Recurring EBIT margin 13.6% 12.6% 13.2% 12.4%
R&D expenditure 60 68 120 136
Capital expenditure 29 47 45 79
Capital employed, end of period 1 150 1 265 1 150 1 265
Capital employed, average 1 074 1 229 1 014 1 200
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 15.7% 13.3% 16.3% 14.0%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 2 952 3 070 2 952 3 070