(in million €) H1 2018 H2 2018 H1 2019
Total turnover 1.791 1.520 1.998
Total revenues (excluding metal) 709 652 717
Recurring EBITDA 120 117 124
Recurring EBIT 86 82 87
Total EBIT 82 81 87
Recurring EBIT margin 12,2% 12,6% 12,1%
R&D expenditure 68 68 77
Capital expenditure 32 47 45
Capital employed, end of period 1.193 1.265 1.315
Capital employed, average 1.171 1.229 1.290
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 14,7% 13,3% 13,4%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 3.026 3.070 3.149