(in million €) 2018 - H2 2019 - H2 2018 2019
Total turnover 1.520 2.542 3.311 4.539
Total revenues (excluding metal) 652 743 1.360 1.460
Recurring EBITDA 117 139 237 264
Recurring EBIT 82 99 168 185
Total EBIT 81 98 162 185
Recurring EBIT margin 12,6% 13,3% 12,4% 12,7%
R&D expenditure 68 69 136 147
Capital expenditure 47 59 79 104
Capital employed, end of period 1.265 1.537 1.265 1.537
Capital employed, average 1.229 1.426 1.200 1.358
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 13,3% 13,8% 14,0% 13,6%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 3.070 3.190 3.070 3.190