Energy & Surface Technologies

(in million €) H2 2017 H2 2018 2017 2018
Total turnover 1 248 1 984 2 392 3 650
Total revenues (excluding metal) 495 639 894 1 289
Recurring EBITDA 109 172 198 323
Recurring EBIT 79 136 141 257
   of which associates 7 (1) 10 1
Total EBIT 53 130 110 251
Recurring EBIT margin 14.6% 21.5% 14.6% 19.8%
R&D expenditure 17 22 30 39
Capital expenditure 132 178 226 316
Capital employed, end of period 1 206 1 769 1 206 1 769
Capital employed, average 1 091 1 610 978 1 469
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 14.6% 16.9% 14.4% 17.5%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 2 716 3 447 2 716 3 447
Workforce, end of period (associates) 917 782 917 782

Note: The large area coating activity of Thin Film Products was divested on 20 October 2017.

This version of the 2018 financial data contains certain adjustments compared to the preliminary statements included in the version published on February 8th 2019. We refer to the note on page 90 of the annual report for a description of these adjustments.