Energy & Surface Technologies

(in million €) 2018 - H2 2019 - H2 2018 2019
Total turnover 1.984 1.524 3.650 2.938
Total revenues (excluding metal) 639 618 1.289 1.225
Recurring EBITDA 172 128 323 271
Recurring EBIT 136 81 257 183
   of which associates (1) 4 1 5
Total EBIT 130 57 251 154
Recurring EBIT margin 21,5% 12,5% 19,8% 14,5%
R&D expenditure 22 24 39 46
Capital expenditure 178 200 316 348
Capital employed, end of period 1.769 2.324 1.769 2.324
Capital employed, average 1.610 2.153 1.469 2.014
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 16,9% 7,5% 17,5% 9,1%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 3.447 3.997 3.447 3.997
Workforce, end of period (associates) 782 751 782 751