Energy & Surface Technologies

(in million €) H1 2018 H2 2018 H1 2019
Total turnover 1.666 1.984 1.414
Total revenues (excluding metal) 650 639 607
Recurring EBITDA 151 172 143
Recurring EBIT 121 136 102
   of which associates 2 (1) 2
Total EBIT 121 130 97
Recurring EBIT margin 18,2% 21,5% 16,5%
R&D expenditure 17 22 21
Capital expenditure 138 178 147
Capital employed, end of period 1.451 1.769 1.982
Capital employed, average 1.329 1.610 1.876
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 18,2% 16,9% 10,8%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 2.988 3.447 3.551
Workforce, end of period (associates) 885 782 766