(in million €) H2 2017 H2 2018 2017 2018
Total turnover 3 365 4 300 7 327 7 625
Total revenues (excluding metal) 311 300 650 626
Recurring EBITDA 85 83 189 195
Recurring EBIT 55 56 128 135
Total EBIT 51 55 121 126
Recurring EBIT margin 17.6% 18.6% 19.7% 21.5%
R&D expenditure 9 7 19 15
Capital expenditure 55 45 80 68
Capital employed, end of period 475 546 475 546
Capital employed, average 489 501 495 483
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 22.3% 22.2% 25.8% 27.9%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 3 092 2 832 3 092 2 832