(in million €) 2018 - H2 2019 - H2 2018 2019
Total turnover 4.300 6.615 7.625 11.320
Total revenues (excluding metal) 300 368 626 681
Recurring EBITDA 83 143 195 250
Recurring EBIT 56 112 135 188
Total EBIT 55 112 126 190
Recurring EBIT margin 18,6% 30,4% 21,5% 27,6%
R&D expenditure 7 4 15 8
Capital expenditure 45 43 68 82
Capital employed, end of period 546 405 546 405
Capital employed, average 501 444 483 479
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 22,2% 50,4% 27,9% 39,3%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 2.832 2.849 2.832 2.849