(in million €) H2 2016 H2 2017 2016 2017
Total turnover 1,384 1,529 2,779 3,091
Total revenues (excluding metal) 565 620 1,163 1,253
Recurring EBITDA 101 116 203 224
Recurring EBIT 75 85 152 166
of which associates 4 (0) 9 0
Total EBIT 49 83 126 161
Recurring EBIT margin 12.5% 13.6% 12.3% 13.2%
R&D expenditure 51 60 102 120
Capital expenditure 24 29 47 45
Capital employed, end of period 911 1,150 911 1,150
Capital employed, average 903 1,074 918 1,014
Return on capital employed (ROCE) 16.6% 15.7% 16.6% 16.3%
Workforce, end of period (fully consolidated) 2,464 2,952 2,464 2,952
Workforce, end of period (associates) 177 - 177 -